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The Synergy of Biases and Stereotype Threats in Science and PhilosophyThis paper presents and explains data from review sections of three top philosophical journals, Ethics, Mind, and the Journal of Philosophy: women are not underrepresented as authors of reviewed books, particularly overrepresented as reviewers of women’s books, and generally overrepresented as book reviewers while underrepresented as article authors. It is argued that the underrepresentation of women’s articles is caused by a low submission rate rather than a biased acceptance rate. A synergy of biases and stereotype threats causes women not only to leave academic disciplines, but also to deviate in their professional behavior. This can be confirmed by science studies.
Leibniz Universität Hannover