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Aristotelian Species PluralismSpecies pluralism allows for multiple species concepts. Given the overwhelming number of such concepts, pluralism seems obvious. But pluralism hasn't always been so obvious. I argue that pluralism was overlooked due to the widespread use of a particular rhetorical strategy developed by Ernst Mayr. This strategy offered a means of comparing modern concepts with an essentialist definition of the species category. Given that Aristotle is properly understood as a pluralist, I show how this can reinterpret Mayr's essentialism story to adjudicate between modern forms species pluralism.