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Non-Causal Determination in Science: Compositional Realization or Ground?Gillett and I have proposed that relations of constitution, realization, and implementation are involved in compositional scientific explanations. Others have proposed that a relation of Ground is involved. There are, however, at least two problems with this later proposal. First, Ground does not correctly reconstruct the notion of hierarchy implicit in the philosophy of science. Whereas the operative notion of hierarchy implicates some concept of parts and wholes, the notion of Ground does not. Second, Ground appears to run afoul of putative cases of top-down and bottom-up non-causal determination.
Rutgers University, Newark