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Exploratory Research is More Reliable than Confirmatory ResearchExploratory research searches through a multitude of hypotheses for a best explanation, selected as a function of the data. Confirmatory research pre-specifies and tests one or a handful of hypotheses. Statistical folklore and arguments teach that exploratory research is less reliable than confirmatory. I show that the contrary is true when contemporary automated search procedures for causal relations are used.
Carnegie Mellon University