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The Empirical Case Against Multiple RealizationMultiple realization involves a taxonomic mis-match. On one taxonomy, A and B are members of category X. On another, A and B differ: A is a Y and B is a Z. X is then multiply realized. This comprises the basic recipe for multiple realization: sameness on top of difference. If all there were to multiple realization were this basic recipe, then doubtless it would be quite common. But both the sameness above and the difference below require further analysis. It is in this context that an empirical challenge to multiple realization becomes most compelling.
University of Wisconsin--Madison