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Exploratory Experimentation in Neuroscience: The Gendered ConnectomeI argue that distinctions from philosophy of experimentation should enter the debate about the existence and extent of sex/gender differences in the brain, and in particular, the connectome—macroscale network models of human brain organization. Sex/gender difference studies have features associated with exploratory experiments: use of wide instruments, large data sets, lack of local guiding theory or hypotheses, and the goal of discovery of empirical regularities. In exploratory experimentation as opposed to hypothesis-driven experimentation, researchers are more likely to interpret their findings according to folk psychology of gender.
History and Philosophy of Science
University of Pittsburgh