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Animal Cognition and Human Values: A FrameworkIn advisory contexts, scientists must decide how to translate degrees of belief into reports of the truth or falsity of hypotheses, and this decision calls for evaluative judgments about the relative seriousness of false positives and false negatives. I consider the consequences this holds for animal cognition research. Cognitive ethologists have traditionally regarded the over-ascription of mental states to animals as more serious than their under-ascription. In animal welfare science, however, we find more nuanced views about the burden of proof. I set out to systematize the value-judgements animal welfare scientists qua policy advisors implicitly employ for weighing inductive risk.
Philosophy, Logic and Scientific Method
London School of Economics and Political Science