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Wishful Thinking and Knowledge-ForFeminist philosophers of science have responded to the charge that incorporation of feminist values in science leads to wishful thinking in a variety of ways. I discuss several: contextual empiricism, holistic empiricism, and feminist standpoint theory. While all require making reference to knower(s), standpoint theory does so most explicitly with its directive to produce knowledge for women. I explore the idea of knowledge-for. How is a “we” who knowledge is for constituted? I argue that both the political reality of the negotiation of goals and the empirical reality of the world are the constraints on wishful thinking.
Arts, Humanities, and World Languages